What Do Coyotes Eat


What Do Coyotes Eat

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Coyotes have velvety coats and bushy tails, which make them incredibly attractive. These species, which are native to North America, resemble gray wolves somewhat but are smaller. The coyote is a member of the canine family and is linked to both red and eastern wolves.

There are 19 subspecies of coyotes, and they are all predominantly carnivores. They can have a sizable appetite and weigh between 7 and 18 kg for females and 8 to 20 kg for males.

These monsters may resemble your devoted dog in appearance, but they are designed for destruction. These predators are capable of daily walks of up to 16 km and swimming distances of at least 0.8 km. They have razor-sharp teeth made specifically for hunting and killing wild animals, and they can run up to 6 km/h.

What Do Coyotes Eat?

Coyotes eat meat in large quantities. They will eat 10% of other food kinds, but 90% of their diet consists of meat. The coyote loves fresh meat but will savage for food when extremely hungry or if the chance arises. Here is a brief overview of the foods that coyotes enjoy eating.

Small animals

Coyotes enjoy to down tiny animals. Because of their agility, they may readily grab amphibian animals like lizards, snakes, turtles, and other animals that tolerate toads. Additionally, these carnivores enjoy catching burrowing species like prairie dogs, marmots, and ground squirrels. They also eat rodents like mice and rats.

Bird species

Additionally, coyotes will hunt down and eat any kind of bird they can locate. They frequently hunt sparrows, wild turkeys, swans, and pelicans. If they come across a nest, they will also eat the eggs. They primarily concentrate on larger bird species that move a little more slowly or that build their nests near to the ground.

Large animals

These predators are easily able to capture and eat larger animals weighing up to 200 kg. Bison, deer, elks, wild sheep, and other animals are among their prey. Smaller animals, such as lambs, calves, or the young of animals or other small species, are often the main targets of roving coyotes. They will hunt for larger prey, such a band of coyotes, or wild deer.

Scavenge meats

Fresh meat is preferred by coyotes. They mostly eat recently caught animals for food. In times of necessity or when they come across a relatively fresh cadaver, they will scavenge off it.


The coyote consumes 10% of its meal as plants. These animals will eat foods including peanuts, watermelons, carrots, peaches, pears, blueberries, peaches, prickly pears, apples, and more. Additionally, they will eat a lot of particular grass species.

Diet Variations

The coyote’s nutrition can vary greatly. Rarely, these animals will eat things like cotton cake, soybeans, pet droppings, farmed grains including maize, wheat, and sorghum, as well as other foods. For their own survival and to keep these venomous reptiles away from their young, coyotes also eat snakes. These animals will occasionally eat the young of other predators.

How to feed Coyotes

It is not against the law to feed wild coyotes, and many of these creatures are maintained in zoos. There are instances when individuals have successfully domesticated wild coyotes and are keeping them as pets.

Even if your animal is entirely domesticated, you should use extreme caution while feeding coyotes. Although coyotes rarely attack people, there are numerous documented instances where they did and left victims with serious wounds.

It is generally recommended to avoid feeding wild coyotes. Wild animals can become a problem in the neighborhood when they start scavenging trash cans for food since feeding them makes them less suspicious of people. These creatures can seriously harm your property, and wild coyotes can be hazardous if they surround you in a pack.

How much do Coyotes eat

Coyotes need roughly 600g of food each day, or 250kg of meat per year. Their size, age, and surroundings can all affect how much food they eat.

Coyotes consume very little plant material during the winter, and they are more prone to scavenge dead animals for sustenance. In the spring, summer, and fall, their predation on rodents intensifies. Coyotes do not hibernate, although they may decide to eat extra in the fall to help build up their fat reserves for the winter. They do enjoy eating fresh meats and will eat a lot more plant material during the summer.

Regular feedings are given to coyotes that have been kept in the wild. These animals can be given any meat food, and they are given their necessary food at specific times. Coyote keepers can also decide to give their animals vitamins to keep them healthy, such as fresh berries, and many do this.

What do baby coyotes eat?

Coyote pups can be really cute. Coyote pups are young coyotes, and in the wild, they have a lower chance of surviving to adulthood due to difficult environmental conditions and hunters trying to control their population.

The birthing place for coyote cubs is an underground den. While the father goes on a feeding expedition, the mother remains in the den with the pups. Male coyotes do not enter the den, although they do leave food outside for the mother and young.

Coyotes can give birth to one to nineteen pups, although the average litter size is six. For the first few weeks, the pups must survive only on their mother’s milk. When the puppies are between 4 and 6 weeks old, their mothers start to wean them. The parents feed their pups regurgitated food after weaning them. When their puppies are old enough, parents will start teaching them how to hunt on their own.

When they are between 6 and 9 years old, male coyotes depart from their mothers. The mother’s pack is where female puppies remain.

Coyotes that have been abandoned must be fed a special milk formula in order to survive. They can start eating ground meats after a month.

 What do wild coyotes eat?

Coyotes mostly catch and consume mammals in the wild. They will occasionally eat plant items like berries and vegetables, as well as birds and reptiles.

Overall, coyotes prefer eating fresh meat. They like the excitement of the chase as well. But when necessary or given the chance, these creatures will scavenge on carcasses. Coyotes typically decide to eat what is nearby in order to survive.

Do coyotes eat dogs?

Dogs are among the tiny animals that coyotes will consume. Coyotes are more likely to prey on smaller dog breeds. Coyote packs may take down prey weighing up to 200 kg, therefore no canine breed is totally safe from becoming prey.

Coyotes may decide to catch dogs as a form of self-defense, but they will consume dogs if they become hungry. They will also eat other varieties of tiny animals, including cats, rabbits, hamsters, and others.

What are coyotes afraid of?

These animals in the wild are very courageous. They have the strength to eat a wide range of animals, including some predatory species.

The coyote’s greatest phobia is people. They have a natural fear of people, but when they are fed or trained, they can get past this fear.

Coyotes do have a lot of foes with whom they could have to compete for food. Cougars, foxes, bobcats, and bears are some of their adversaries. These creatures will only choose to interact if they are engaged in a battle over food. When coyote pups leave the den after four weeks, they are also vulnerable to eagle attacks.

Are coyotes dangerous?

Coyotes have a history of attacking both people and animals. They could be dangerous to people, but kids and animals are more at risk.

It’s unlikely that a coyote will just charge at you and attack. Typically, their instincts tell them to flee rather than engage in combat. When threatened, coyotes may decide to attack. If they are fed, they are also more inclined to attack, and regular interaction with people helps them get over their fear of people.

Coyotes reared as pets when they were young can be very amiable. If they are housed in healthy conditions, they are not very likely to attack either people or animals.

Wild coyotes that exhibit domesticated behaviors may also have rabies, in which case they are unpredictable and very dangerous.

Do coyotes attack humans at night?

Coyotes only emerge at night. They hunt at night and sleep during the day, according to this. Coyotes are significantly more common at night than they are during the day.

It’s unlikely that coyotes will just attack. Most of the time, they don’t attack until they feel threatened or when, after being fed for a while, they stop being afraid of people. However, there have been instances where coyotes have attacked and killed people. A 1980 incident in which a youngster was abducted by a coyote is a suitable illustration.

Coyotes do not deliberately target humans at night to attack. They simply go out to hunt at night and may decide to attack if they feel threatened.

Coyotes are graceful, fearless, and vicious animals. Although deadly, they are beautiful to behold. It is advised to stay away from wild coyotes and to avoid attempting to domesticate one. Although they thrive in their natural environment, if kept as a pet from an early age, they are also completely domesticable.

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Are coyotes basically dogs?

The medium-sized coyote belongs to the same dog family as wolves and foxes. The coyote frequently resembles a German shepherd or collie due to its pointed ears, narrow nose, and drooping bushy tail.

Is a coyote a dog or cat?

Because coyotes are canines, they share a genetic ancestor with wolves and domestic dogs. Coyotes typically have a flatter forehead and a more pointed nose than domesticated dogs, giving them a “sleeker” appearance.

How big is a coyote?

Adult 15 – 46 lbs.

How big is a full grown coyote?

Not all coyotes, nevertheless, have the black markings. Compared to its western counterpart, the eastern coyote is bigger. Males normally weigh more than females and most individuals measure between 30 and 50 pounds and 48 to 60 inches from snout to tail.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author