What Do Guppies Eat?


What Do Guppies Eat?

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Given their size and the variety of kinds and colors available, guppies are among the greatest fish to add to your aquarium because they are durable and may bring color and vibrancy.

One of the most widely dispersed tropical fish for aquariums in the world is this little fish species, commonly known as million fish or rainbow fish. They are currently widespread around the world but are originally from northeast South America.

The vibrant colors of this fish species, which may shine so brightly in a lit tank, create a statement in a tank despite the fact that they are a little species. Even iridophores, a colorless cell, are present in some guppies. Because so many of them appear to have a metallic shine, these cells will reflect the light to produce an iridescent look.

What Do Guppies Eat?

What Do Guppies Eat?

You can feed your guppy a variety of items to maintain its health and vitality. Listed below is a brief overview of some of the greatest meals that these little fish species enjoy eating:

Fish flakes

Guppies can be kept on fish flakes as their major food source. However, it is crucial to spend money on top-quality fish food that is low in filler ingredients and high in protein.

The ingredients can be checked to see if the fish food is good or not. Fish, shrimp, and other meaty products are all good sources of protein for fish. Fish meals that are heavily loaded with substances like wheat or soy are more appropriate for herbivore fish species and are therefore unfit as a meal for your guppies.

Additionally, buying fish flakes rather than fish pellets is a better investment. Due of their small size, guppies cannot eat huge pellets.


Guppies in the wild mostly consume algal byproducts. Since algae contains tiny particles that are easily ingested, small guppies or guppy fry are more likely to swallow it. Almost every kind of algae that can be found in aquariums or in the natural world can be consumed by this fish species.

However, eating only algae is not particularly nourishing, and a pure algae diet can harm your guppies’ health.


Due to the lack of a backbone or bony skeleton, guppies prefer to consume tiny invertebrates. Shrimp, jellyfish, worms, slugs, and snails are just a few of the many tiny invertebrates that guppies may eat. Since invertebrates come in all different sizes, this is a suitable food source for guppies of all ages.

They might be anything from tiny mites to enormous animals.

Plant fragments

Guppies can also benefit from eating soft plant pieces from aquatic and other plants.

Guppies frequently scour the bottom of tanks or rivers for plant parts that are soft and easy to eat.

They have the capacity to eat a large variety of plant parts.

Mineral particles

Guppies are so tiny that they can even eat water-borne mineral particles. Because these aquariums provide a broader variety of mineral particles that they can consume for additional food, they frequently prefer or perform better in hard-water aquariums.

Aquatic insect larvae

Offering this as a meal supplement in addition to regular fish flakes is fantastic. Guppies can consume a wide variety of aquatic insect larvae, including mosquito, stonefly, and dragonfly larvae. These tiny larvae are important sources of fish protein.


Bloodworms can be given to your guppy in addition to fish flakes. Live or frozen bloodworms are available. Fish stores have triangular cone feeders that are perfect for distributing live bloodworms to your fish. Fish can pull food from the feeder’s holes by swimming up the cone in these feeders.

Fruits and Vegetables

Since guppies are omnivores, they can consume plant material as well. Small amounts of food can be provided to them once or twice per week. Guppies love soft fruits like bananas or grapes, but because they are high in sugar, you should only give them to them occasionally.

Guppies enjoy eating a variety of vegetables. They can choose from a variety of vegetables, including peas, lettuce, and cucumber. It is better to only offer a small amount of these foods at a time. Additionally, it’s crucial to remove extra vegetables after an hour or so to prevent your tank from being murky.

Small fish

Guppies will also collect and consume eggs or small fish. Additionally cannibalistic, they have been known to consume their own young. Pregnant females are typically kept by breeders in a breeding trap. These traps keep the mother in place while allowing the young to swim free so the mother won’t consume them. The female is moved back to the original tank once the guppies are born, protecting the young fish from bigger fish.

Diet Variations

Any food that they can discover in their tank will be tried to be consumed by these omnivores. They might even eat something that isn’t food to test whether it will be a nice supper. They occasionally end up consuming things that are not typically a part of their diet. In order to thrive in a certain ecosystem, they are also incredibly adaptable and may quickly move between different food sources.

How to Feed Guppies

How to Feed Guppies

Fish flakes should ideally be supplemented with extra foods to ensure that these tiny fish receive all the nourishment they require. In addition to the fish flakes you are feeding your guppies, you can give them veggies and a protein source like frozen shrimp or bloodworms.

How Much Do Guppies Eat?

Guppies are quite little and eat very little. In theory, you shouldn’t give your guppies more food than they can consume in five minutes. You can add a little food to the aquarium to see how much your guppies need to eat. pause for 30–60 seconds. You can provide a little more if the food has all been consumed. additional 30 to 60 seconds. You can add more food once every dish is consumed once more. It’s crucial to quantify the total amount of food you’re providing. You can cease providing food once you notice that your fish aren’t eating it, and you’ll know how much to provide at the subsequent feeding.

In comparison to warm temperatures, guppies will eat less in lower temps. This is as a result of their metabolism slowing down in the lower temperature.

The ideal water temperature for this kind of fish is between 22.2 and 22.1 degrees Celsius (72 – 79 degrees F). Your guppies will eat well and be at their healthiest if you can maintain this temperature range in your aquarium.

How Many Times Should You Feed Guppies?

You are allowed to feed your guppies up to three times each day. However, the majority of people opt to serve food twice daily, and this is OK.

Offering fish flakes in the morning and other things like vegetables or bloodworms at night is ideal. By doing this, you can make sure that your guppies indeed receive all the nutrients they require each day.

Smaller guppies require more frequent feedings than adult guppies. Smaller portions of food can be served to guppy fry more regularly.

What do Baby Guppies Eat?

Fried guppies are the young ones. Since they are much smaller than adult guppies, these tiny fish can only eat lesser portions of the same meals. Before feeding fish flakes to guppy fry, it is best to crush the fish flakes. However, some pet shops do have foods that might be consumed by fish.

Fry can be be enhanced by stocking the tank with brine shrimp or bloodworms. If a fry gets the nutrients it needs, it will grow swiftly.

They take 6 to 8 weeks to mature.

It may be time to change your fry’s diet if you see slow growth in them.

Fry and adult guppies can be added to the larger tank starting at 8 weeks old. By 20 weeks, they should be completely grown and prepared to begin reproducing. At this point, they should be able to eat the same foods as adult guppies.

What Do Wild Guppies Eat?

Guppies are limited in what they can eat in the wild by what they can find there. Since algae is a highly frequent food source in most freshwater settings, wild guppies like eating it. Additionally, they consume a variety of aquatic insect larvae, smaller fish, eggs, mineral deposits, plant debris, and any invertebrates that may be present in the water.

What Is The Best Food For Guppies?

You should give your guppies a varied diet if you want to maintain them as healthy as possible. To keep healthy, guppies require a lot of protein and micronutrients.

Fish meal, which is high in protein, is the greatest food to provide. If the fish food has a lot of ingredients from meat, fish, or shrimp, you can check the food label to find out. Fish flakes with excessive amounts of wheat or soy may be unhealthy because these ingredients are low in protein.

It is still advisable to provide your guppies additional protein sources, such as mosquito larvae or bloodworms, even if you do give them a protein-rich fish flake.

In order to provide them with additional vitamins that may not be included in the local fish diets, you need also give them a variety of vegetables.

What Can You Feed Guppies When Out Of Food?

Everyone has experienced the regrettable situation where they forget to buy food for their cherished pet or when their neighborhood pet store runs out of a brand they love to feed their fish. You will have to make your own guppies food if you find yourself in a bind and without anything to serve your fish.

The fish in question can eat a variety of meals that you might have in your kitchen. You could give your guppies shredded or diced vegetables. They enjoy spinach, peas, zucchini, and mustard greens. To your guppies, you can also add chopped fruits like bananas, peaches, grapes, or mango.

Although they enjoy sweet fruits, you shouldn’t give them more than twice a week.

You can go out and scout for little insects to use as protein. Guppies enjoy eating fruit flies, mealworms, and mosquito larvae. They also enjoy eating mosquito fry. Give your guppies no meat from animals. It is preferable to provide greens or fruits for one day if you don’t have a protein source than to provide potentially unhealthy items. Your guppies will be able to go a day or two without protein.

You ought should be able to find some appropriate fish foods by this point.

Can Guppies Eat Goldfish Food?

Because goldfish food has a lot of protein, it can be beneficial for guppies. The only issue is that your guppy might find this meal to be too huge to eat. If you’re giving goldfish flakes to guppies, you might need to break them up into tiny pieces so they can eat them.

In addition to goldfish flakes, it is a good idea to give your guppies protein- and veggie-rich snacks since they need a lot of protein to stay healthy.

Guppies make fantastic aquarium additions. They have absolutely amazing colors, and they get along well with different fish species. Your guppies will thrive in a community of fish species as long as you feed them the correct nutrients. Once you have learned the fundamental care techniques required to keep this fish species alive, breeding your own guppies can also be a rewarding and informative hobby to begin.

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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author