What Do Iguanas Eat?


What Do Iguanas Eat?

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Iguanas are undoubtedly among the most fascinating lizards on the planet. Originating in places like Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean, this huge lizard is now practically universally distributed due to its popularity as a pet.

The green iguana and the lesser Antillean iguana are the only two recognized species of iguana. However, many people believe that other species should be included in the green iguana category.

What Do Iguanas Eat?

What Do Iguanas Eat?

Here is a brief list of some of the best meals to give this kind of lizard;


Iguanas primarily consume leafy, dark greens. They primarily rely on vines and tree leaves to thrive in the wild. An iguana should ideally receive 80–90% of its daily diet in green vegetables.

Avoid veggies with light colors because they are typically less nutrient-dense. Additionally, you should refrain from giving iguanas iceberg or head lettuce and celery because they don’t have many nutritional benefits.

Collard greens, beet greens, mustard greens, broccoli, turnip greens, alfalfa, hay, chow bok, choy, kale, parsley, swiss chard, watercress, cover, red cabbage, green cabbage, and green beans are among the best leafy greens to give your iguana.

Fruits and vegetables

Other things like fruits and vegetables can make up between 10 and 20 percent of your iguanas’ diet. Iguanas do like to consume a range of fruits and vegetables, including cucumber, asparagus, sprouts, cooked sweet potatoes, carrots, peas, and corn.

Every other day, you can also give your iguana a small portion of fruit. Sliced apples, pears, mango, grapes, starfruit, raisins, peaches, tomatoes, guava, kiwi, and melon are among the greatest fruits to provide.


Iguanas will occasionally eat flowers in the wild. You can give your iguana the blossoms of fruit or vegetable plants, as they are typically safe and healthful to eat. In order to make sure that your pet eats enough leafy greens every day, it is advisable to avoid giving them too many flowers.

Canned or pellet reptile food

Iguana supplementation with commercial canned or pelleted reptile food is a preference for some pet owners. Since your iguana does require a lot of fresh food to stay fed, you should ideally just provide 5 to 10% of this kind of food.

Since iguanas can consume alfalfa hay, alfalfa rabbit pellets are a beneficial addition to give them.

Sprout seeds

Although iguanas don’t typically consume seeds, you can provide them with this incredibly nutritious food source. You can sprout the seeds to get your iguana to eat this meal. Iguanas love sprout seeds as a food source because they become much softer and more palatable as they sprout.


Iguanas cannot obtain all the fluids they require simply by eating food. To survive, they require water to drink. To stay hydrated and to take frequent baths, your iguana should always have access to a freshwater source.

Diet Variations

The major dietary difference between iguanas and other reptiles is that lizards kept in captivity frequently have access to more human foods like fruits and vegetables. Although some wild iguanas do occasionally consume unusual items like bird eggs, they normally stay away from protein-rich foods like meat and insects.

How to Feed Iguanas

How to Feed Iguanas

Every day should ideally be spent providing your iguana with fresh food. The ideal ratio is between 80 and 90 percent of green plant matter and 10 and 20 percent of other meals like fruits and vegetables.

You should cut the food into little pieces before feeding it to your iguana. They are unable to chew, thus they swallow their food whole.

What Do Iguanas Eat In The Wild?

Iguanas in the wild mostly rely on leafy greens from trees and vines to thrive. They frequently consume bird eggs if they come across a nest and prefer to live in eatable trees. The flowers and wild fruits that they can locate in their natural habitat are also consumed by wild iguanas.

What do Baby Iguanas Eat?

As with adults, a newborn iguana is referred to as a hatchling and is a herbivore. Leafy greens like mustard, collard, or dandelion greens are what they eat the most. For your pet iguana to acquire all the nourishment it needs, it is important to provide hatchlings with softer green foods and a range of feeding options.

How Much Do Iguanas Eat?

Every day, you can give your iguana fresh food. You can immediately determine how much food your iguana wants or needs in one location. Different types of these lizards have different appetites. To make sure your pet has adequate vitamins and minerals, you may also add calcium pills to its food every day and multivitamins twice a week.

What Foods Are Toxic To Iguanas?

Iguanas can eat most plant items without any problems. However, some foods shouldn’t be served too frequently. Since they don’t provide much nutrients, foods like spinach, romaine lettuce, and celery should be provided every day. Rhubarb is another food that you shouldn’t give your iguana because it is extremely harmful to them.

What Animals Hunt Iguanas?

There are a lot of predators that target iguanas. One of the most prevalent predators is the bird. You should be cautious of hawks, eagles, and owls if your pet does wander outside since they may hunt and consume these lizards.

Since some venomous species do kill and devour desert iguanas, snakes are another common adversary of iguanas. Iguanas have occasionally been witnessed being attacked and eaten by crocodiles and various fish species.

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Why are iguanas so dangerous?

Although they are common household pets in the US, their bites can be poisonous. Iguanas rip their meal with their large, pointed teeth. Their fangs have the potential to pierce flesh when they bite someone, infecting the wound with microorganisms. Salmonella is a pathogen that iguanas can spread by their bites.

Is it OK to touch iguanas?

Never handle a wild iguana unless it is absolutely necessary. Iguanas are not dangerous to people, but they do carry bacteria that can infect a lot of other creatures. Their razor-sharp teeth may shred plants to pieces, but they do not harm human skin.

Are iguanas harmful to humans?

Iguanas frequently contain and disperse salmonella bacteria in addition to their painful bite. This makes them particularly deadly if an iguana bite results in a skin break and blood loss. Since iguanas are pleurodonts, they frequently lose their teeth when they bite.

Do iguanas have three eyes?

Three for one. An alleged “third eye” can be found on the top of iguanas’ heads. Referred to as the parietal eye inferior eye Some vertebrates have a parietal eye, also referred to as a third eye or pineal eye, which is a portion of the epithalamus. The eye is photoreceptive, situated on top of the head, and connected to the pineal gland, which controls circadian rhythmicity and hormone production for thermoregulation. Parietal eye, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki According to Wikipedia, the parietal eye has the appearance of a pale scale and isn’t able to distinguish between colors or shapes, but it can detect light and movement, which helps iguanas anticipate predatory birds coming from above.

Are iguanas poisonous?

Iguanas are popular pets among reptile collectors because they have atrophied venom glands that emit a weak, harmless venom. Iguanas do have a lot of sharp, serrated teeth, though. Although bites are not common, they can result in severe injuries to the wrists, ankles, fingers, and face.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author