What Do Orangutans Eat?


What Do Orangutans Eat?

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In their native Borneo and North Sumatra jungles, orangutans may usually be found. While female orangutans live with their young, males are typically solitary. Females will continue to breastfeed their kids until they are 6 years old or until a new generation is born.

There are three different species of orangutans:

On the Indonesian island of Sumatra’s northern coast, only the Sumatran orangutans can be found.

The Borneo forest is home to Bornian orangutans.

Orangutans called Tapanuli are seen in other regions of Sumatra Island.

In the wild, orangutans can live for 40 to 60 years, and in captivity, they can live for 40 to 70 years.

Only every 7 to 8 years do orangutans reproduce due to their extremely sluggish rates of reproduction. A female orangutan may not begin breeding for up to 17 years.

Male orangutans with puffy cheeks are typically the ones who breed with the females. Females lack puffy cheeks, while some males who are not sexually active also lack padded cheeks.

What Do Orangutans Eat

90% of orangutans’ diets are made up of fruits and berries because they are omnivores. They consume termites, ants, tiny birds, and lizards in addition to the leaves and bark of up to 25 different species of trees in order to meet their nutritional requirements.

The following is a list of foods that orangutans consume:

Ficus Fruit

Because ficus fruits are readily available and include many of the elements that orangutans require in their diet, orangutans will consume them. Ficus fruits are very soft, simple to open, and simple to consume. They are also simple to digest. Additionally, young orangutans enjoy the ficus’ delicate flesh and sweet flavor.

Durian Fruit

The durian fruit is a favorite meal of orangutans. The orangutans’ natural habitat supports large, prickly fruits. These fruits taste like cheese and garlic and have an extremely unpleasant smell. With their hands, they break the fruit’s hard exterior, eating the juicy interior while spitting out the pits. The fatty pulp found in durian fruits is crucial to their diet because it contains essential minerals.

Other fruits

Since fruit makes up 90% of orangutans’ meals, they consume any fruit they can find, including bananas, apples, and oranges. The majority of these fruits are loaded with vitamins and carbohydrates that benefit the orangutans’ general health.


Almost 25 different types of trees’ leaves are consumed by orangutans as well. These leaves help with food digestion and are extremely nutrient-dense. Up to 400 distinct plant kinds are edible to orangutans. Although their bodies are extremely well adapted to withstand the toxins in these nutrients, several of these plants are extremely hazardous to other creatures. When they consume poisonous leaves, they produce more saliva to more easily rid themselves of the poisons.

Bark of Trees

In the Rainforest, which is where orangutans live natively, they remove the bark from trees that are already there. They typically spit up the bark after chewing it for the minerals it contains. These trees’ bark is rich in all the vitamins and minerals that orangutans require to stay healthy.


Although orangutans mostly consume fruits, they also consume other insects like termites, ants, and crickets since these creatures are rich in the fatty acids and proteins that orangutans require in their diet.

Small birds and Lizards

If the fruits, leaves, and bark of trees are not easily available, which is their preferred food, and if there are not enough protein supplements in their diets, orangutans may occasionally eat young birds, bird eggs, and lizards.

How Much Do Orangutans Eat?

How Much Do Orangutans Eat?

They will only consume between 1500 and 3000 kilojoules per day in times of food scarcity, eating tiny birds and lizards to help meet their nutritional requirements.

Orangutans kept in captivity typically receive three meals per day. Since their native food is not always available, they eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, including apples, bananas, and oranges as well as carrots, cabbage, and spinach.

The moisture that orangutans require is found in the fruits they eat, thus they don’t actually drink a lot of water.

But on occasion, they will sip water from little puddles. When moms open their mouths to give their newborns some water after they have drank a bit themselves, the babies will usually take a drink.

What Do Baby Orangutans Eat?

Up to the age of roughly 7 years old, baby orangutans primarily drink from their mother. when their mothers are expecting or when they are weaned. They learn how to open fruits and which leaves and bark they can eat while out foraging with their mother. Because they are so playful, they are also learning how to forage when they are weaned and must locate food on their own.

How to Feed Orangutans

How to Feed Orangutans

Orangutans are introduced to a variety of foods that are not a part of their regular diet at zoos because some of the fruits and plants they consume naturally are not present there.

They continue to consume a lot of fruits, vegetables, and treats like papaya and peanut butter in addition to foods like cabbage, carrots, spinach, and sprouts.

For the orangutans to be able to be returned to the wild after their rehabilitation, rehabilitation facilities aim to maintain their natural diets.

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What monkey has the highest IQ?

Possibly on par with chimpanzees in intelligence, capuchins are the most intelligent New World monkeys. They are renowned for their skill in making and employing tools.

How smart is the average orangutan?

One of the most intelligent non-human primates is the orangutan. They may be able to monitor the movement of both apparent and hidden things, according to experiments. The two Sumatran orangutans at Zoo Atlanta use a touch-screen computer to play games.

Is An orangutan Smarter Than A gorilla?

According to recent research, the orangutan is the most intelligent great ape (apart from humans), possessing thinking skills that are superior to those of both gorillas and chimpanzees.

What is the IQ of an orangutan?

According to The Scale of Primate Intelligence, an orangutan’s IQ is 185. Animal IQ cannot be measured using any currently available tests.

Are orangutans intelligent?

The great apes, including chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans, are among the most intelligent land creatures on the planet, according to numerous studies conducted both in the wild and in captivity.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author