Where Do Raccoons Live?


Raccoons will have a den nearby if you notice numerous signs that they are in the region. But where do raccoons spend their days, and are they unique to the United States? Where do raccoons actually reside is what you truly want to know.

In North, Central, and South America’s forests, marshes, mountains, plains, and cities, raccoons can be found. They can also be found in some regions of Asia and Europe. Raccoons love to nest in the cracks of trees and rocks. For protection and shelter, they will often use dens that have been abandoned by other species or by people.

Continue reading if you want to learn more about the habitats of raccoons. Everything you need to know about raccoons’ environment is covered in this guide. Moreover, where they reside in the world and the reasons behind their decision to do so.

Let’s begin immediately.

Where do Raccoons Nest?

Raccoons will lay their eggs pretty much wherever they can construct a den. Understanding what a raccoon searches for in a den may help you comprehend why they might select a particular habitat to live in.


Raccoons require a sense of security in their dens much like any other wild animal. They’ll therefore try to create a nest with as much cover as they can.

Raccoons are protected from the elements and kept hidden from predators by cover. Dark, cozy, and secluded describe the perfect den. Raccoons dislike having a den outside in a public space.

When raccoons are rearing their young, shelter is crucial. When the mother raccoons are out searching for food, this enables the young to remain hidden from predators.

Food and water

A good food source will be close by in a raccoon’s ideal nesting location. Raccoons won’t have to use as much energy on unnecessary long distance trips as a result.

Another crucial element for raccoons is water. They’ll make an effort to settle as near to a water supply as they can. Either a natural or artificial water supply is used.

Raccoons require water so that their senses can respond to the food they are eating. The ideal spot for raccoons to find a big portion of their nutrition is near natural water sources. For access to crabs, fish, amphibians, and reptiles, they use them.


Raccoons are solitary animals, therefore they frequently pick a den with just enough room to fit themselves in and fall asleep.

However, they might also search for slightly larger areas, as when they need to give birth to baby kits. Raccoons frequently form pairs in wintertime nesting locations. By exchanging body heat and shielding themselves from hungry predators and harsh winter weather, this enables them to survive.

Where do Raccoons live during the day?

Because they are nocturnal creatures, raccoons spend a lot of their time foraging at night. They will primarily rest in their dens throughout the day. However, whether they live in a rural or urban area will determine everything.

Let’s examine the typical locations where raccoons build their dens.

Raccoon Nests in Urban Areas

Raccoons have done very well adjusting to the adjacent human population. They rapidly discovered that using human property to build their own dwellings has many advantages for them.

Raccoons frequently inhabit the following areas on your property:

  • underneath porches
  • Sheds
  • Garages
  • Dive Space
  • Attics
  • Chimneys

Raccoons are skilled climbers and can get inside your house through cracks or vents with ease. All of these places are perfect for giving raccoons a somewhere to stay, some warmth, and space.

Additionally, they have access to food sources including trash cans, fruit trees, pet food, and bird seed. Raccoons will often dig through the soil on your lawn in search of June bug grubs.

In cities, raccoons are frequently visible during the day. That’s because they don’t fear people as much as raccoons do in rural areas.

Check out my list of 14 humane ways to keep raccoons out of your yard if you’re experiencing issues with them.

Raccoon nests in Wild Areas

Raccoons who reside in rural locations will seek out the same characteristics in a den, but ones that are present naturally. Because they tend to be very sluggish, raccoons want to move right in, therefore they won’t go to tremendous lengths to build a den.

Raccoon dens are typically found in the following locations:

  • Tree fissures
  • Rock fissures
  • slender logs
  • leaf heaps
  • dead trees

Raccoons frequently search for ancient dens that other animals have left alone. The greatest animal for this is a fox because they can fit a raccoon inside of them.

A raccoon isn’t too picky about the den it chooses in the wild. This is so they can switch to a different denning location every few days.

Where do raccoons live in the world?

Where do raccoons live in the world?

Let’s examine the habitats of the many raccoon species.

North America

The species you are most likely to encounter is the common raccoon (Procyon lotor). Raccoons are native to North America, and the majority of the US’s territory and Canada are home to common raccoons. Hawaii and Alaska don’t have raccoons. That is as a result of their lack of native status in these states and their poor localization.

Raccoons are absent from various locations of the United States. This encompasses the arid landscapes and rocky mountain ranges found in places like Arizona, Nevada, and Utah.

Numerous subspecies of the common raccoon can be found in various parts of the United States.

Where you’ll find Raccoons in North America

RaccoonClasses of SpeciesRange
Typical RaccoonLotor ProcyonCentral America, the US mainland, and Canada
Raccoon in EasternConcyon lotor concyonNew England, New York, Ohio, Kentucky, South-West Canada, Nova Scotia, and Eastern Tennessee
rat of the Chesapeake BayMarital lotor Procyon lotorDelaware and Maryland
Raccoon on Hilton Head IslandSalutary Procyon lotusCarolina, South
Raccoon in Saint Simon IslandLotor Procyon litoreusGeorgia’s Coast
Raccoon from Floridaelucus procyon lotorFlorida and Georgia’s south
Racoon in Matecumbe Baydesperate Procyon lotorFlorida’s Key Largo
Road Key Raccoonthe auspicious Procyon lotorMiami Keys
Tennessee RacoonVariant Procyon lotorMississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana
Texas rat cougarFusciples of Procyon lotorEast Louisiana and South Texas.
Spanish RaccoonMexican Procyon lotorusNew Mexico and Western Texas
Raccoon of CaliforniaPsora procyon lotorCalifornia
Raccoon from the NorthwestPacific Procyon lotor a.Canadian provinces and Washington
Raccoon in Mississippi’s DeltaMegalodon Lotor Procyonarea of southern Louisiana’s coast
Racoon with a torchIncautious Procyon lotorMiami Keys
Raccoon on the Thousand IslandsMarine procyon lotorEverglades in Florida
Raccoon of the Upper Mississippi Valleythe Procyon lotor hirtusthe Plain States, the Midwest, and Central Canada
Valley of the Snake RaccoonExcelsus Procyon lotorOregon and Idaho
California raccoon from BajaLotor Procyon grinnelliCalifornia, Baja
Raccoon in the Colorado desertPallid Procyon lotorUtah, Arizona, California, Colorado, and Nevada
Raccoon from Vancouver IslandVancouver-specific procyon lotorBritish Columbia, Haida Gwaii, and Vancouver Island

Central and South America

The Procyon Cancrivorus is the most prevalent species of raccoon in central and South America, in contrast to the United States.

Their fur is shorter and rougher than that of the ordinary raccoon. The majority of their sustenance comes from eating crabs, and they are frequently seen close to huge water sources.

South and Central America are home to several smaller raccoon species. These animals and plants are significantly better suited to subtropical climates.

Raccoon habitats in Central and South America

RaccoonClasses of SpeciesRange
Spanish RaccoonMexican Procyon LotorusCentral Mexico
Plateau raccoon from MexicoThe Procyon lotor-HernandezCentral America and Southern Mexico
Raccoon from CampecheSufeldt Procyon lotorCentral America and Southern Mexico
Spanish RaccoonPryon Lotor DickeyLatin America
Raccoon from Costa RicaCrasidius Procyon lotorIn Costa Rica
European Raccoonthe juvenile Procyon lotorCentral America and Southern Mexico
Raccoon from Cozumelpygmeaus procyonMexico’s Yucatan Peninsula
Raccoon named Tres MariasIsland-specific procyon lotorMexico’s Islas Marias


Several different kinds of raccoons that were brought to Caribbean islands hundreds of years ago are together referred to as island raccoons.

The Bahamas’ New Providence Island is home to the Bahamian raccoon (Procyon lotor maymardi), one of the two dominant species in these regions.

The Guadeloupe raccoon is another another Caribbean species (Procyon lotor minor). These can be found on the Basse-Terre and Grande Terre islands of Guadeloupe.


In several parts of Europe, the Procyon lotor species has also been introduced. After surviving in the wild, these raccoons established a small, localized population.

Significant raccoon populations can be found in the following locations in Europe:

  • Germany
  • Belarus
  • Italy
  • France
  • Spain

Since 2016, raccoons have been viewed as an invasive species in Europe. As a result, they cannot be imported, bred, moved, or released into the wild. Raccoons frequently have a pest status because of the harm they cause to local wildlife, and they are heavily hunted to keep the population under control.


Similar to this, the Procyon lotor species have been dispersed throughout Asia, both as pets and in the wild. However, when these pet raccoons become too large or violent, they are frequently also released back into the wild.

This presents a problem because these areas lack any natural predators for the raccoons. Without any means of population control, they will remove habitat and food from the surrounding fauna.

Raccoons can be found in the following locations in Asia:

  • Japan
  • Azerbaijan
  • Iran

What Climate Do Raccoons live in?

Animals called raccoons inhabit regions with moderate climates. They are most tolerant of warm summers and chilly winters. Raccoons may survive in climates with consistent, high levels of precipitation. Wet, wooded regions are strongly preferred by them.

Raccoons struggle in arid environments. This is due to the fact that raccoons depend on water for both their food sources and eating habits.

Raccoons have been attempted to be introduced to subarctic regions like Alaska and Russia. The raccoons quickly disappeared because they were unable to adapt to these conditions.

Over the Americas, the common raccoon species inhabits a sizable geographic area. As a result, they have also adapted to subtropical rainforests and Himalayan altitudes.

Where do raccoons live in winter?

In the winter, raccoons do not migrate or hibernate. They typically live within a few kilometers of one other. Raccoons undergo a number of bodily modifications to survive the harsh winter temperatures.

Raccoons search for dens that protect them from the elements and keep them warm. Raccoons are typically solitary, however during the winter they have been observed congregating in dens to stay warm.

Have you ever observed that raccoons are less noticeable in the winter than they are in the other seasons? They do this because they want to conserve energy. When it is severely cold outside, they have the ability to enter brief states of torpor. When food is scarce, raccoons can survive longer by going into periods of torpor.

Do raccoons live in trees?

Raccoons do inhabit trees, but they only do it in hollows or cracks. Raccoons will only use tree branches for brief periods of repose, despite the fact that you may have spotted one dozing off there. Raccoons do not make their dens in tree branches. They don’t give them enough protection from weather and predators.

Raccoons can use trees as a source of shade to reduce their body temperature when it gets too hot. Raccoons typically only act in this manner when dehydrated and unable to locate a water source nearby.

Final Thoughts

Final Thoughts

Raccoons have done well adjusting to coexisting with people. They’ll utilize your property as a place to stay and as a nearby source of food.


What parts of the world have racoons?

With the exception of certain regions of the Rocky Mountains and states in the southwest, such as Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, the raccoon is a native of North America and is present all across the country. A portion of Canada, Mexico, and the northernmost areas of South America are also home to it.

Are there racoons in all 50 states?

With the exception of certain regions of the Rocky Mountains and states in the southwest, such as Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, the raccoon is a native of North America and is present all across the country. A portion of Canada, Mexico, and the northernmost areas of South America are also home to it.

Are there raccoons everywhere?

With the exception of certain regions of the Rocky Mountains and states in the southwest, such as Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, the raccoon is a native of North America and is present all across the country. A portion of Canada, Mexico, and the northernmost areas of South America are also home to it.

Where are raccoons originally from?

Around 25 million years ago, the evolutionary progenitor of the raccoon most likely emerged in Europe. These forebears arrived in the Americas and eventually made their way to the tropics near Central or South America. Raccoons returned north to regions with temperate climates once they evolved into contemporary species.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author