What Do Hippopotamus Eat? A Complete Guide 2022


What Do Hippopotamus Eat? A Complete Guide 2022

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Having hooves, the hippopotamus is a semi-aquatic mammal. One of the biggest land mammals is it. A grazer that spends much of its time in the water, hippopotamuses are grazers. One of nature’s most fascinating species is the hippo. They sleep on land and swim around during the day, but at night they go back to the water to eat. What do hippos consume, then?

One of the most hazardous creatures in Africa is the hippo. They have been known to assault people and are violent and territorial. Nevertheless, they are also gentle giants that are vital to the ecology.

Hippos are big, barrel-shaped creatures with short legs. Their thick skin has a dark grayish-brown tint. Their fangs are keen, and they have huge heads with small eyes and ears.

Due to habitat degradation and hunting, hippopotamuses are an endangered species. To safeguard them, several organizations are working, nevertheless. Hippos are a keystone species, which means they have an outsized influence on their surroundings. By consuming aquatic plants, they aid in maintaining the cleanliness of the rivers, and their feces supplies nutrients to other creatures.

What Do Hippopotamus Eat?

In the wild, hippopotamuses eat a range of plants, including herbs, grasses, and aquatic vegetation. Their diet is mostly vegetarian. On rare occasions, they will consume small animals like fish, frogs, and snakes.

Hippos’ effective gut flora allows them to digest food effectively. This intestinal flora aids in the breakdown of the difficult plant stuff that they consume. Additionally, cellulose-degrading bacteria are found in the big intestine of hippopotamuses.

Because it is a grazer, the hippopotamus consumes a variety of plants. In the wild, they predominantly consume aquatic plants like water lilies. They have also been observed to consume fruits, plants, and grasses. It was once believed that the hippo looks for meat when it is available. But more recent research has demonstrated that the hippo is a real carnivore that actively seeks out its prey. The following foods are favorites of hippos:


Water lilies are one of the plants that hippos prefer to consume. With its teeth, the enormous animal rips the petals from the blooms, which it then ingests.


Hippos are incredibly interesting creatures. They not only enjoy eating grass, but each hippo can consume 150 kg of it every day on average!


The hippo enjoys eating shoots as well. It prefers the sensitive, young leaves of newly emerging plants that require a lot of root support to develop into sturdy trees or shrubs with robust leaves.


Hippos are well known for having foul breath, but they also enjoy eating fruit. Some of the most common items that these animals hanker after are watermelons and bananas.

Fish or Meat:

Hippos are reported to eat mostly plants. When no other food is visible, they can occasionally be seen grazing on tiny creatures like fish or frogs!

A nocturnal animal, the hippopotamus is awake at night. This is probably because nighttime hunting is less likely to happen to them. The hours between dusk and dawn are when they are most active.

What Do Hippos Eat In Zoos Vs. The Wild?

In zoos, hippos are often fed hay, pellets, produce, and fruit. Similar to what they would eat in the wild, this diet. However, water lilies and other aquatic flora are not accessible to hippos in zoos. These plants are difficult to find and can be pricey to buy.

Hippos in the wild consume a wider variety of foods, such as water plants, grasses, and fruits. They have also been observed eating fish, frogs, and snakes, among other tiny creatures. This food gives the hippo population all the nutrition they require and helps keep them healthy.

How Does The Hippopotamus Eat Its Food?

The hippopotamus feeds at night. As a result, the night is when it is most active. The large, flat mouth of the hippopotamus is ideal for grazing. The hippo’s tongue is used to transfer the food from its lips into its mouth.

Because of their sharpness, hippopotamuses can easily cut through prickly plants. The back teeth, however, are flat, which aids the hippo in breaking up its food. The gigantic hippo’s stomach can accommodate up to 50 kg of food. This is essential since the hippo needs to consume a lot of vegetation in order to obtain all the nutrients it requires.

The hippo is a grazer, which means it consumes a variety of vegetation for food. In the wild, they predominantly consume aquatic plants like water lilies. They have also been observed to consume fruits, plants, and grasses. It was once believed that the hippo looks for meat when it is available.

The hippo’s highly developed lips pull up grasses and other plants when it is grazing. The food is then rolled into a ball by the hippo using its tongue before being swallowed.

Plant material that would be indigestible to other animals can be digested by hippopotamuses. This is caused by a specific type of gut bacteria that breaks down cellulose. The length of the hippo’s intestines also aids in the extraction of all the nutrients from the food it consumes.

Before swallowing, the hippo will chew the food in its mouth to make it more palatable. The term “prehension” refers to this action, which speeds up the hippo’s eating.

The hippo can eat up to 150 kg of food per day and is a very effective eater. This is essential to preserving the hippo’s enormous size. A young hippo will usually consume 5 kilogram of food each day. As the hippo becomes older and bigger, this quantity will rise.

The hippopotamus has a distinctive method of food consumption. It can eat a lot of plants in one bite and then crush it with its molars. This procedure aids in reducing the difficult plant materials so that it is more easily digestible.

What Food Do Hippos Avoid?

What Food Do Hippos Avoid?

The hippo can avoid ingesting harmful plants thanks to its excellent sense of smell. It can also refrain from ingesting sand and other objects that might harm its teeth.

Hay, pellets, produce, and fruit should be given to a hippo if you wish to feed it. Similar to what they would eat in the wild, this diet. However, water lilies and other aquatic flora are not accessible to hippos in zoos. These plants are difficult to find and can be pricey to buy.

Since meat is not a part of their normal diet, you should refrain from offering it to them. Additionally, stay away from providing children processed foods because they might be harmful to their health.

Hippos are fascinating animals with a distinctive method of food consumption. You can provide them the finest nutrition possible by being aware of what they eat. They will remain healthy and content as a result of this.

How Do Baby Hippos Feed?

Hippos give birth to their young after a gestation period of about 8 months. They weigh between 40 and 60 kg at birth. Soon after birth, they are able to stand, and during the first several months of their lives, they will suckle from their mother.

The baby gets all the nutrition it needs to grow from the hippo milk, which is incredibly nourishing. Additionally, the milk is quite fatty, which aids in keeping the baby warm.

The infant will begin consuming solid meals after a few months. They will initially consume food that their mother has already chewed. They will eventually advance to independent plant consumption. Hippos that are young are weaned at about 6 months.

At 3 weeks old, young hippos start eating grass, but until they are 6 months old, they mostly take mother’s milk. They consume the same diet as adults by the time they are a year old.

Hippos Habits:

Being an extremely gregarious creature, hippos live in herds of 10 to 30 animals. Herds are the name for these collections. Females, their young, and a few mature males make up the herd. The hippo is an extremely possessive creature that will protect its domain from intruders. Food and water availability determine the extent of a hippo’s territory.

Being a nocturnal creature, hippopotamuses are most active at night. They wallow in mud holes or rivers all day to stay cool. The hippo can hold its breath for five minutes and is a superb swimmer. They can also move across the surfaces of lakes and rivers.

The hippopotamus may grunt, growl, and bellow in addition to other vocalizations. Hippos are intriguing creatures with a variety of distinctive traits. You can learn more about these intriguing creatures by observing their habits.

What Are Hippos Afraid Of?

According to some sources, sharks and crocodiles terrify hippos. Although this is just a theory, it makes logical given that such animals can swim rapidly and attack humans or their young. They are among the most ferocious animals in the world, according to the approach.

Numerous hippopotamuses are killed for their meat and ivory. Due to the increased hunting pressure in recent years, their numbers have drastically decreased. The reduction of hippo numbers has also been exacerbated by habitat degradation and conflicts with humans.

A “vulnerable” species, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), is the hippopotamus. This indicates that it is in danger of being extinct in the future.

There are many things you may do to aid in hippo protection. One option is to educate the residents in locations where hippos are found. Through education, people can learn the value of hippos and prevent confrontation with them. To further aid assure the survival of hippo populations, protected areas can be made.

Frequently Asked Question(FAQ)

What Animals Do Hippos Eat?

Although hippos are not often known as predators, they have been observed killing and devouring invasive small mammals like antelope. Additionally, young hippos have been observed to engage in cannibalism and occasionally consume other young hippos.

Even though they are not real carnivores, hippos eat a lot of meat. Up to 95% of what they consume is made up of plant materials. This includes fruits, leaves, grass, and aquatic plants.

The hippo’s diet is low in protein and heavy in fiber. This keeps their digestive system functioning normally. Additionally, it helps shield children from getting sick.

Does The Hippo Have Any Predators?

Although hippos are not frequently preyed upon, crocodiles, lions, and leopards have been known to attack them. When the hippo is defenseless and out of the water, these attacks typically take place. However, the hippo is a fearsome foe due to its size and strength.

What is the lifespan of a hippo?

A hippos lifespan is about 40 years on average. In captivity, they have been reported to live up to 60 years.

How Much Do Hippos Weigh?

Hippos weigh between 1,500 and 2,000 kg on average as adults. They can, however, get much bigger. The largest known hippo weighed 4,500 kg.

Can Hippos Eat Humans?

Hippos have been known to attack people, even though they are not known to consume people. Hippos are powerful, aggressive animals that pose a serious threat. If you ever find yourself near a hippo, it’s important to maintain your composure and refrain from making any rash movements.

Wrapping Up:

Wrapping Up:

Additionally, read:

What Consume Bugs? 2022 Complete Guide

What Foods Eat Otters? 8 Delectable Meals for Them!

What Consume Roadrunners? They Won’t Miss These 8 Foods!

What Consume Pythons? 9 Foods That They Eat!

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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author