What Do Rhinos Eat?


What Do Rhinos Eat?

The big 5, or the five largest creatures found in Africa, include rhinoceroses, sometimes known as rhinos. There are five distinct species of these enormous animals, which are members of the Rhinocerotidae family. Three rhino species are native to South Asia, whereas two species are found in Africa.

These animals can be recognized by their enormous bodies, short legs, and nose-mounted horns. Because they are targeted for their horns, rhinos, like elephants, are in grave risk of extinction. Black markets are used to sell the horns, which are then used to make ornaments or traditional medicines.

Due to their extreme vulnerability, rhinos are frequently protected by wildlife farms and nature preserves. Some of these rhinos require such intense protection that armed guards must spend the night among them in the wild.

What Do Rhinos Eat?

What Do Rhinos Eat?

The top things that these big animals enjoy eating are listed below.


Rhinos enjoy consuming a lot of grass. 40% of the black rhino’s diet is made up of grass. They will graze for the majority of the day. In order to quickly reach the short grasses that only grow 5 to 6 inches high, they also walk with their heads near to the ground.

Rhinos favor low-energy grasses like Digitaria, Pennisetum, and Panicum maxim. Although black and Indian rhinos will also eat grass, white rhinos prefer it.

Plant Vegetation

All rhino species like consuming plants. They prefer eating twigs, bark, fruits, and plant roots in addition to other portions of the leaves. Regarding the kinds of plants they eat, they are not particularly picky. These creatures will consume practically any plant they come across in their natural habitat, as well as a wide variety of developed crops. Bamboo shoots are a favorite food of Asian rhinos, but they will also consume other kinds of flora.

Fruits And Vegetables

Rhinos enjoy eating a variety of fruits. Although they can be given various fruit varieties, they typically only eat fruits that they can obtain in their natural environment. Fruits that rhinos enjoy include figs, mangoes, berries, apples, and many others.

Because they like to devour plant debris, these enormous animals can also do a lot of harm to agricultural areas. They will consume every component of vegetables, including carrots, leafy greens, tomatoes, cucumbers, and a variety of others.


Rhinos will uproot plants with their powerful horns in order to consume the roots if food is in short supply. For plants to stay hydrated during dry seasons when water is scarce, plant roots are an important food source.

Soy and Alfalfa

Rhinos kept in captivity typically eat soy and alfalfa. Although they can digest these meals, it is not advisable to feed them to these threatened species because, according to studies, some foods, such as soy, contain components that interfere with rhinos’ reproductive cycles and lower their reproduction rate.


Rhinos do require a lot of water to survive. They can spend up to a week without drinking water if they have access to enough of lush, green grass. A rhino should always have access to fresh water, even in the case of extreme heat or while housed on dry land.


Rhinos also take pleasure in eating a range of food pellets made for sale. These pellets are perfect for maintaining rhino health because they are created from a range of materials, including hay, straw, Cavallino, and fruits.

Diet Variation

Almost every kind of plant, including agricultural vegetation, is consumed by rhinos. This indicates that these animals have a lot of potential to harm the agriculture industries. Although they can eat fruit, they nonetheless adhere to a strict vegetarian diet.

How to Feed Rhinos

How to Feed Rhinos

Feeding periods are typically scheduled to assist avoid unsafe situations, and items are typically offered to rhinos in a specific feeding area.

What Foods Do Rhinos Consume in the Wild?

The only food that rhinos can consume in the wild is what they find growing there. Although they prefer eating grasses and other vegetation, they will also eat fruits if they come upon them in the wild. Some wild rhinos may develop into a local threat if they come into contact with agricultural areas.

What do Rhinos Eat in Captivity?

Rhinos kept in captivity typically eat soy and alfalfa. Because it interferes with their ability to breed, these nutrients are not the best for these animals. Many rhino keepers also provide rhino pellets as a supplement for their animals.

What do Baby Rhinos Eat?

Calves are the name for young rhinos. To keep healthy, these mammals need to consume a lot of milk. Calves are often completely weaned when they are about two months old. From a very young age, they will begin to forage for food, but when they are still young, they will concentrate on softer food types.

How much do Rhinos Eat?

A rhinocalf’s daily milk requirement is 27 oz. They can eat up to seven times daily.

A rhinoceros needs to eat roughly 1% of its body weight each day as an adult. It doesn’t seem like much until you consider their weight. Typically, these animals weigh 700 to 2000 kg. Accordingly, an adult rhino can consume between 45 and 200 kilograms of food each day.

How often do Rhinos Eat?

Grazers are rhinos. They will eat multiple times a day and are continuously hunting for food. Because the majority of their natural diets are low-energy food kinds, they must continually eat.

Are Rhinos Dangerous?

Despite not eating flesh or people, rhinos are nonetheless highly hazardous. They will easily maul you to death if you approach them too closely since they are fiercely protective of their herd and young. Even domesticated rhinos can be deadly and unpredictable.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author