What Do Voles Eat? 10 Foods They Destroy!


What Do Voles Eat? 10 Foods They Destroy!

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Small rodents called voles are linked to mice and lemmings. They can be found throughout North America, Europe, and Asia. Voles usually have short, brown or gray fur. Their tails are relatively short, and they have small eyes and ears. What do voles consume, then?

In general, voles are bigger than lemmings but smaller than mice. The average vole is 4 to 8 inches long, including the tail. They are between half and one ounce in weight. They have excellent adaptations for living in a variety of settings, from broad fields to thick forests. Despite being active all year round, voles are most active in the spring and summer.

Voles can be found in a variety of environments, such as fields, meadows, and woodlands. They work both during the day and at night. Although they prefer eating plants, voles can occasionally consume small invertebrates. Voles can have up to six litters of young every year and breed quickly. Typically, each litter has four to five infants.

What Do Voles Eat?

Voles are tiny, mice-like rodents that inhabit fields and gardens all over North America. These underground animals mostly consume plants, such as grasses, roots, and leaves. In the winter, voles may also eat berries, nuts, and tree bark. Voles normally prefer to eat fresh greens, but they will consume seeds, grains, and insects under certain circumstances.

Given their voracious appetites, voles can do severe harm to gardens and crops. Some farmers use traps or poisons to reduce the vole population. These techniques, meanwhile, can hurt other creatures, so they ought to be used with caution. Voles like to consume the following foods:


Voles are extremely busy animals that spend the majority of their time searching for food. Grasses make up the majority of their food, although they also consume other plants, fruits, and seeds. They have a history of consuming practically anything they can find. Although voles are typically seen as pests, they can improve the ecosystem by assisting in the regulation of the growth of grasses and other plants.


The vole relies heavily on roots in their food, and they frequently dig underground to find them. Roots can also contain carrots, turnips, potatoes, and radishes in addition to grasses. Voles will also consume tree bark, which could harm the tree.


Voles typically consume vegetation, although they will also consume small insects like ants, beetles, and caterpillars. If they are unable to obtain other food sources, this is particularly true. Diseases like rabies and hantavirus have been linked to voles in the past.


Additionally, voles may consume leaves, which can be a significant issue for farmers and gardeners. The most popular plants eaten by voles include kale, lettuce, and cabbage. By consuming the leaves, voles can also harm trees.


Fruits including strawberries, apples, and grapes are also consumed by voles. For farmers, this can be a serious issue that can result in severe crop loss. Voles may munch on plants and trees thanks to their keen incisors. This could harm the plant and increase its susceptibility to illness.

6.Tree bark:

Voles will also consume tree bark, which could harm the tree. Voles will tunnel into the earth in addition to consuming the bark. Farmers may experience issues as a result since it may be challenging to raise crops.


Acorns, chestnuts, and peanuts are among the nuts that voles will consume. For farmers, this can be a serious issue that can result in severe crop loss. Voles can chew on plants and trees because to their keen incisors. The plant may suffer as a result, becoming more vulnerable to illness.


Berry-loving voles frequently travel great distances in search of a good berry patch. Voles have been observed to consume as much as 200 berries per day! They receive crucial nutrients from this food, which also keeps them hydrated and healthy. Voles will consume almost any berry, although their preferred varieties are blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries.


Voles will also consume seeds, including watermelon, pumpkin, and sunflower seeds. For farmers, this can be a serious issue that can result in severe crop loss. Voles can chew on plants and trees because to their keen incisors. The plant may suffer as a result, becoming more vulnerable to illness.


Small rodents called voles or field mice enjoy eating grains. Wheat, oats, and barley are favorites of voles. They will also consume grain crops including corn, rice, and others. Voles are experts at remaining undetected and have a rapid burst of destructive power.

How Much Do Voles Eat?

How Much Do Voles Eat?

A vole will typically eat food equivalent to around 3/4 of its body weight each day. An adult vole would consume about 1/2 ounce of this. In addition to eating insects, earthworms, snails, and other small invertebrates, voles also consume green foliage as their primary source of food.

Wintertime voles will shift to woody plants like bark, twigs, and buds when fresh greens are scarce. Voles can significantly harm crops, gardens, and lawns due to their continual eating habits. The best way to manage voles in your garden or yard is with traps. By limiting their environment and making it less alluring to them, you can also deter them. Eliminate weeds, long grass, and brush heaps. Rake up any fallen leaves and keep your grass trimmed. Contact a reputable pest control firm for assistance if you are experiencing a vole infestation.

What Predators Eat Voles?

Small, burrowing rodents called voles can be found in fields and forests all over North America. Hawks, owls, weasels, and snakes are just a few of the predators that enjoy a nice feast of these plump little critters. The term “nature’s fast food” is frequently used to describe voles because they are such a common food source.

While the majority of predators will consume any vole they can capture, some species show a preference for particular kinds of voles. For instance, the long-eared owl favors the montane vole while the short-eared owl prefers the meadow vole. Weasels, on the other hand, will eat any kind of vole they can find.

Voles are constantly in danger of becoming the next meal, regardless of the kind of predator pursuing them. These small rodents have evolved some astonishing survival abilities as a result. They are adept in avoiding predators by hiding, and they can swim under water to get away from danger. However, their quickest and most effective form of protection is simply to procreate frequently. After all, even if you’re on the menu, there is safety in numbers.

Wrapping Up

Wrapping Up

Additionally, read:

What Consume Crane Flies? 7 Foods They Consume

What Consume Wild Ferrets? They Hunt 8 Species

What Diet Do Pet Ferrets Follow? 7 Foods I Love

In the winter, what do wasps eat? (4) Foods that Promote

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Do voles bite humans?

Voles can bite and spread a variety of illnesses, including rabies and tularemia. However, unlike moles, there is no recorded instance of a vole inflicting rabies on a human. These animals don’t typically bite humans. Animals can spread disease without biting humans.

What attracts voles to your property?

They will be drawn to any property with plants or greenery. They frequently select homes that have wet areas or are close to lakes, swamps, or other bodies of water. Meadow voles are infamous for spreading diseases in addition to causing damage to your yard.

Should I worry about voles?

Yes, to answer briefly. Voles can seriously harm a lawn and yard. They like gnawing on the weak stems of young trees and woody ornamental plants, which results in significant harm and dieback. The majority of homes find significant turf damage from voles in the spring.

Is a vole a mouse or a rat?

Biology and identification. Voles are rodents that resemble mice and are relatively similar to pocket gophers in appearance. They have a small, hefty body, short legs, a tail covered with short fur, small eyes, and ears that are partially hidden. They have long, coarse fur that ranges from black to grayish brown.

Are moles and voles dangerous to humans?

Do moles and voles pose a threat to people? No. However, moles and voles can be extremely damaging to plants. Using insecticides to attempt and get rid of these two pests can also be risky.


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Sarah Green

Wildlife and Nature Fan & Author